Sport Science is an amalgamation of the understanding of the human body on an anatomical, physiological, biomechanical and psychological level.
The relationships between Sport Sciences and sport, as stated by Millet (2007) is complex and changeable. The role of a Sport Scientist is to help sportspeople to enhance their performance in sport by making use of their knowledge on the areas mentioned above.
As a Sport Scientist we develop exercise as well as treatments to either help people return to training, compete in a competition or just to live an active lifestyle to be healthy and do it in such a way as to not injure themselves. According to Garber et al (2011) the scientific evidence demonstrating the beneficial effects of exercise is indisputable, and the benefits that comes from exercise far outweigh the risks in most adults. An exercise program that constitutes of cardiorespiratory, resistance, flexibility and neuromotor exercise training beyond activities of daily living to improve and maintain physical fitness and health is
essential for most adults.
In order to develop a program that is individualised to a person the Sport Scientist will first have to do a few assessments in order to know in what state, the client they are working with, is in. The assessments that will be done will be based on scientific research to make the results that are obtained reliable and valid. The assessments include a health check that will be based on a medical screening form that the client will have to fill in as well as a discussion over the client’s general health. After that has ben done the client will undergo a full body assessment that involves making use of Kinanthropometry methods (Skinfolds) to measure one’s body fat percentage as well as measuring the circumferences of the waist and hip that will giving an indication if the client might be prone to any other health risks. Girth measurements will also be taken to show the progress that has been made every time an assessment is done. Lastly a full body fitness assessment will be undergone by the client again to indicate the progression on a performance level.
Garber, C.E., Blissmer, B., Deschenes, M.R., Franklin, B.A., Lamonte, M.J., Lee, I.M., Nieman, D.C. and Swain, D.P., 2011. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 43(7), pp.1334-1359.
Millet GP, Bentley DJ, Vleck VE. The Relationships between Science and Sport: Application in Triathlon. IJSPP 2007;2:315
Article credit: Riaan Alison/Sports Scientist